The Regulator Section
A two state boost/float charging scheme is used. In boost mode, the battery is allowed to charge until it reaches the boost maximum voltage. When it has remained above the boost maximum for 25 minutes, the LC12xx then changes into float mode in which the battery voltage is kept within a fixed range or `floated'. After a significant discharge or period of time, the regulator will automatically return to boost mode to allow another boost charge cycle. The boost maximum voltage is adjustable via a trimpot under the lid, in the range 14.0-15.0V, corrected for charge current. For sealed gel or valve regulated batteries, set to 14.0V (fully counter clockwise). For normal liquid electrolyte lead acid cells, set to 15.0V. The battery voltage range in float mode is 13.5-14.0V.
Low Voltage Cut Out
The LC12xx will disconnect the light to prevent overdischarge if the battery voltage falls below the set disconnect voltage. (Use switch S1 to select either 11.0 or 11.5V) The light will automatically reconnect when the battery voltage rises above 13V. A time delay of about 5 minutes occurs before disconnect and reconnect. If the current drawn by the light is greater than the rated current of the LC12xx, then use the light terminal to operate a relay with an appropriate rating. If switching a relay or a light with significant inductive storage, a catch diode MUST be connected across the light as shown in the diagram.
The Light Controller
The LC12xx includes a versatile light controller. It can operate in three different modes:
The LC12xx uses the voltage across the photovoltaic panel to sense day or night. When the panel voltage drops below the battery voltage, the LC12xx sensor will begin to move towards night. It takes 3 minutes to get to the night position. Once it gets to night, it takes 3 min to get back to day once the panel voltage exceeds the battery voltage. This time delay stops the lights from turning on and off repeatedly at sunset and sunrise. To help the user or installer tell what is happening, the LC12xx flashes the light on indicator when it's sensor is set to night. (and the light is not on) This flashing is faint so as not to be annoying. It may be necessary to shade the indicator in strong light so as to see the flashing. When the sensor is in the process of changing from one state to the other, then either the float or boost indicator will also flash.
Further Regulator Details
Boost cycle frequency is set by the use pattern. If the battery is not being used, boost will occur only once each 10-14 days. The more use, the closer the spacing of the boosts so that substantial daily use will result in a boost cycle each day. This is done by setting the boost return voltage to 12.3+N/40. (N is the number of days since the last boost was done) A long time constant digital filter (3 min) is used to smooth the battery voltage and slow response time so that short term changes in voltage don't affect the regulator's decision making. Turning the charge current on and off quickly in the float mode has caused problems with lights appearing to flicker and radio interference. The LC12xx enforces a minimum off time to eliminate this.
There are four indicator LEDs. Two of these indicate boost or float states respectively. The Light on led indicates that the light control switch is turned on. The charging led comes on when enough charge current is actually flowing to exceed the threshold.
A temperature sensor can be connected to allow the regulator to correct for the variation in battery voltage due to temperature. The LC12xx follows the actual battery voltage/temperature curve rather than the commonly used linear approximation which over compensates warm batteries. Range 0-50oC If no temperature correction is needed, then leave the temperature sensor input unconnected. The temperature sensor is polarised so be careful to connect the wire with the stripe to the T- connection. The sensor wire may be lengthened.
Built In Test Program
The LC12xx comes with its own built in test program which allows correct regulator (and system) operation to be verified. This makes installation and fault location much easier. To use the test program, set all the program select switches off. (For more complex test program see technical manual)
The sequence of events in test is:
|Step||Time (sec)||Indicators on||Charge switch||Light switch|
|1||repeat until another program selected|
* charging indicator will also be on if charge current is actually flowing.
In steps 1-4 the light is turned on and off twice to test the light switch. In step 5, the charge switch is turned on and charging should begin if there is sufficent sunlight. This tests the charge system.
The LC12xx is mounted on a rugged anodised aluminum heat sink. The adjustment trimpots are sealed and the circuit board is covered with a silicone conformal coating.
The mounting holes are 100mm apart and 3.5mm diameter. Mount vertically, out of direct sun on a surface capable of resisting temperatures of 70-90oC. The wire connections must be done up tight.
Switch Setting Guide
|Light Control Mode||Disconnect Voltage||S1||S2||S3|
|Regulator & System testing|| ||off||off||off|
|Light on when button pushed 1 to 11 min||11.0||off||on||off|
|Light on when button pushed 1 to 11 min||11.5||on||on||off|
|Light on all night||11.0||off||off||on|
|Light on all night||11.5||on||off||on|
|Light on at sunset 1 to 11 hrs||11.0||off||on||on|
|Light on at sunset 1 to 11 hrs||11.5||on||on||on|
| ||LC1212||LC1222||LC1230|| |
|Nominal Battery Voltage||12||12||12||V|
|Max. Voltage B+ to B-||30||30||30||V|
|Max. Voltage B+ to Sol-||30||30||V|
|Charge Current Max. (Continuous)||12||22||30||A|
|Light Current Max. (Continuous)||10||10||15||A|
|Light switch off state blocking voltage||50||50||50||V|
|Ambient Temperature Max. (full load)||70||65||60||°C|
|Charge Switch On Resistance (typ)||35||22||18||m ohm|
|Charging indicator current threshold||0.45||.9||.9||A|
|Light Switch On Resistance (typ)||45||45||28||m ohm|
|Regulator supply current 1 led on @ 12V||14||14||14||mA|
|.....with charging led on as well||20||20||20||mA|